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人教版必修四Unit 1 Women of achievement名校精品导学案

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必修四Unit 1 Women of achievement知识点导学案

一、重点短语汉译英

Warming up and reading

把…献给;把…用在… 与其;而非

意味着干某事 ( 打算、想要去做某事)

为……辩护 ( 与……争论; 争辩……)

离开,启程,出发 过着…的生活

藐视;瞧不起 制定出

(想法,问题等)涌上心头 关心,关怀

与…交流 建立

肢体语言 对自己说,自言自语

短语:devote … to; rather than; man doing; mean to do; argue for; argue with; argue against; move off; lead a … life

look down upon/on; work out; crowd in; concern oneself with; communicate with; set up; body language; say to oneself

Using language

吸引某人的目光 接生

为……准备 碰巧,凑巧

(偶然)遇见;碰见 继续,坚持

迫不及待做某事 参考,谈到,查阅

catch one’s eyes; deliver a baby; be intended for; by chance; come across; carry on; can’t wait to do sth; refer to

二、重点单词短语解析

1. behave vt.&vi. 举动;(举止或行为)表现 behavio(u)r n. 行为;举止;习惯

[典例]

1). Behave yourself; don’ t make a fool of yourself. 注意你的举止, 别闹出笑话来。

2). How is your new car behaving? 你的新车性能如何?

[重点用法]

behave oneself 使某人自己举止规矩 behaviour towards/to... 对……的态度/行为

[练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。

1). It’ s hard to train children to _______ _______ (举止得体) at the table.

2). She is always _______ _______ (举止得体) at school.

3). Their _______ (behave) _______ (介词) me shows that they do not like me.

Keys: 1). behave well 2). well behaved 3). behaviour towards

2. achievement n.[c]成就,功绩 achieve vt. 取得,完成

[典例]

1). He received the Nobel Prize for his scientific achievements. 他因科学上取得的成就而获得诺贝尔奖。

2). Flying across the Atlantic for the first time was a great achievement. 首次飞越大西洋是一个伟大的功绩。

[重点用法]

achieve an aim / goal达到目标 achieve success 获得成功

[练习] 根据句子的意思在括号里填入适当的词。

1). Without the support of the people we can _______ _______.

2). I have achieved only half of _______ I hope to do.

3). Congratulations to you (介词) _______ such a complete victory.

Keys: 1). achieve nothing 2). what 3). on; achieving

3. observe vt. 观察;观测;遵守 observation n.[u] 观察;观测;监视

[典例]

1). The police observed the man entering/enter the bank. 警方监视着那男子进入银行的情况。

2). The woman was observed to follow him closely. 有人看到那女子紧跟着他。

[重点用法]

observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事(已做完) observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人正在做某事

under observation 被监视

[练习] 用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空或翻译。

1). They were observed ______ (enter) the bank then.

2). Keynes _______ _______ (观察到) humans fall into two classes.

Keys: 1). entering 2). observed that

4. respect vt.&n. 尊敬;尊重;重视

[典例]

1). If you don’ t respect yourself, how can you expect others to respect you? 自己不自重, 又怎能受到别人尊重呢?

2). I have the greatest respect for you. 我非常尊敬您。

[重点用法]

respect sb. for sth. 因某事而尊敬某人 have / show respect for sb./sth. 尊敬某人/事

gain/get/earn/win the respect of sb. 赢得某人的尊敬 out of respect 出于尊敬

[练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。

1). The new officer soon ________ (赢得) the respect of his men.

2). I ________ you ________ (因某事而尊敬) your honesty.

3). I have great respect _______ (介词) his ideas, although I don’ t agree with them.

Keys: 1). won/earned 2). respect; for 3). for

5. argue vt.&vi. 讨论;辩论;争论 argument n.[c]争论;争辩;争吵

[典例]

1). Don’ t argue with your mother. 不要和母亲争辩。

2). I argued that we needed a larger office. 我据理力争我们需要大些的办公室。

[重点用法]

argue for (sb./sth.)为(某人/某事)而辩护 argue against (sb./sth.) 反对某人/某事)而辩护

argue with sb. ( about/over sth.) 与某人(为某事)而争吵 argue that... 主张……

argue sb. into/out of doing sth. 通过争论使某人做/不做某事 have an argument about/over sth. 辩论某事

[练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的介词或翻译。

1). We ______ ______ ______ ______ (说服她加入) us.

2). We argued _______ the waiter _______ the price ______ the meal.

Keys: 1). argued her into joining 2). with; about; of

6. support vt.&n. 支持;拥护;支撑;赡养;给予帮助﹑ 同情等的人

[典例]

1). Is this bridge strong enough to support heavy lorries? 这座桥禁得住重型卡车通行吗?

2). He was weak with hunger, so I had to support him. 他饿得没有力气, 我得搀着他。

[重点用法]

support sb./ a family 支持某人/ 赡养家庭 support sb. in (doing) sth. 在(做)某事方面支持某人

support sb. by (doing) sth. 通过做某事支持某人 in support of sb/sth 支持或支援某人/事物

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